Views: 21 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-11-02 Origin: Site
Lycopene (Lycopene, molecular formula C40H56) is a bright red carotenoid pigment, which is also found in tomatoes and other red fruits such as watermelon and grapefruit.
Lycopene is one of the most common and powerful carotenoid antioxidants in the human body. Its English name Lycopene is derived from Solanum lycopersicum, which is the classification of tomato species.
The color of lycopene is due to the conjugated double bonds of carbon (the structure where single bonds and double bonds alternate). The double bond reduces the energy required for the electron to jump to a higher energy level, allowing the molecule to absorb longer wavelength visible light. Lycopene absorbs most of the visible light, so it is red.
Lycopene is insoluble in water and can be used as a food coloring. Porous materials (including most plastics) are easily stained by lycopene.
If the textile has just been stained with tomato juice, it can be easily removed. However, if the plastic is dyed by lycopene, the lycopene will diffuse into the plastic and cannot be removed with hot water, soap or detergent (but bleach can destroy the structure of lycopene).
Singlet oxygen generated from ultraviolet light is the main cause of skin aging. Lycopene is the most powerful quencher of singlet oxygen.
There is evidence that regular consumption of lycopene products can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer (especially prostate cancer), diabetes, osteoporosis, and male infertility.
Lycopene may also reduce the risk of esophageal cancer, rectal cancer, and cavity cancer.
Preliminary scientific clinical data show that lycopene may help the immune system, fight oxidation, prevent a variety of malignant tumors and maintain prostate health and other health support effects.