Description of Citrus Aurantium Extract
Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) is a flowering, fruit-bearing evergreen tree that belongs to the Rutaceae family . Alkaloid synephrine and N-methyltyramine are the main constituents of the peel of Citrus aurantium. Bitter orange is popularly used in food supplements to help reduce fat, and as an appetite inhibitor, due to its suggested thermogenic effects as a safe alternative to ephedra .
Synephrine stimulates a rise in blood pressure, and in animal models it causes weight loss, but also increases cardiovascular toxicity. Moreover, the root of bitter orange contains xanthyletin, and its essential oil exhibits antifungal activity that is effective in treatment-resistant fungal skin diseases .
Function of Citrus Aurantium Extract
Hesperidin has antioxidant, anti inflammatory, hypolipidemic, vasoprotective and anticarcinogenic and cholesterol lowering actions. Hesperidin can inhibit following enzymes: Phospholipase A2, lipoxygenase, HMG CoA reductase and cyclo-oxygenase. Hesperidins improve the health of capillaries by reducing the capillary permeability. Hesperidin are used to reduce hay fever and other allergic conditions by inhibiting the release of histamine from mast cells. The possible anti cancer activity of hesperidin could be explained by the inhibition of polyamine synthesis.
Application of Citrus Aurantium Extract
1. Applied in food field.
2. Applied in health product field.
3. Applied in pharmaceutical field.
4. Water-soluble beverages.