Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) is a flowering, fruit-bearing evergreen tree that belongs to the Rutaceae family. . Alkaloid synephrine and N-methyltyramine are the main constituents of the peel of Citrus aurantium. Bitter orange is popularly used in food supplements to help reduce fat, and as an appetite inhibitor, due to its suggested thermogenic effects as a safe alternative to ephedra .
Synephrine stimulates a rise in blood pressure, and in animal models it causes weight loss, but also increases cardiovascular toxicity. Moreover, the root of bitter orange contains xanthyletin, and its essential oil exhibits antifungal activity that is effective in treatment-resistant fungal skin diseases .
1. Applied in food field.
2. Applied in health product field.
3. Applied in pharmaceutical field.
4. Water-soluble beverages.